Have you heard someone tell you that her dog has allergies? Has your veterinarian advised that allergies might be a problem for your dog? do you suspect that your dog has allergies?
If so, then you’ve probably realized that allergies in dogs aren’t quite as simple as we’d want. For starters, there are many different types of allergies that could be causing your dog’s symptoms.
It may come as no surprise, but our four-legged friends share several similar health ailments that humans do, including allergies. And even as human allergies are caused by a variety of different catalysts, your dog’s allergy attack could also be triggered by a variety of reasons, including environmental factors, chemicals, and even certain types of food.
These everyday substances – clinically referred to as allergens – are at the root of your pooch’s allergic reaction. So, as a pet parent, how can you determine the precise cause of your doggie’s misery, and what preventative measures are you able to take to shield his overall health?
What Is Dog Allergic Reaction?
You see that your dog’s eyes are bloodshot, maybe he’s scratching extravagantly, or he may even be experiencing respiratory issues – these are all signs frequently related to canine allergies. however, you’ll be wondering: what’s causing your dog’s allergies?
As mentioned above, dogs could show signs of an allergic reaction very similar to the ones humans experience – once your dog’s system begins to react adversely to specific substances (allergens), an allergy attack could also be the result, with symptoms ranging from mild to severe. And even though these common substances could also be harmless to a dog who is allergy-free, they might be dangerous for pups who suffer from chronic allergies.
In the case of an extreme reaction, your dog has possibly been exposed to the offensive allergen via inhalation, ingestion, or direct contact with the skin. As your dog’s body tried to rid itself of the offensive toxins, an array of different symptoms could appear relating to his digestive, skin, and respiratory systems.
Types of Allergies in Dogs
Allergies are a misguided reaction to foreign substances by the body’s immune system, which, of course, individuals and pets will suffer from. There are quite a few different types of allergies in dogs. Skin allergies, food allergies, and environmental allergens all pose challenges for dogs and their owners, and to make things more complicated, the symptoms of all these different types of allergies can overlap.
True food allergies might not be as common as people assume, according to AKC Chief Veterinary Officer Dr. Jerry Klein. True food allergies lead to an immune response, which may range in symptoms from skin conditions (hives, facial swelling, itchiness), gastrointestinal signs (vomiting and/or diarrhea) or a mixture of both. In some rare cases, a severe reaction resulting in hypersensitivity reaction will occur — the same as severe peanut allergies in humans
But what about all of these dogs that are on special hypoallergenic diets?
What most people mean when they say that their dog has an allergic reaction is that their dog has a food sensitivity, additionally called food intolerance. Food sensitivities, unlike true allergies, do not involve an immune response and are instead a gradual reaction to an offending ingredient in your dog’s food, for example to beef, chicken, eggs, corn, wheat, soy, or milk.
Dogs with food sensitivities can present with several symptoms, together with gastrointestinal signs like vomiting and diarrhea, or dermatologic signs like itching, poor skin and coat, and chronic ear or foot infections.
Skin allergies, called allergic dermatitis, are the most common form of allergic reactions in dogs. There are 3 main causes of skin allergies in dogs:
- Flea allergy dermatitis
- Food allergies
- Environmental allergens
Flea allergy dermatitis is an allergy to fleabites. Some dogs are allergic to flea saliva. This makes affected dogs very restless, particularly at the base of the tail, and their skin could become red, inflamed, and scabbed. you’ll additionally notice signs of fleas, such as flea dirt, or even see the fleas themselves.
Food allergies and sensitivities will cause restless skin, as well. the most common places dogs with food allergies itch are their ears and their paws, and this might be accompanied by gastrointestinal symptoms.
Environmental allergens, such as dust, pollen, and mold, will cause atopic allergic reactions or dermatitis. In most cases, these allergies are seasonal, thus you’ll solely notice your dog cutaneous sensation throughout sure times of the year. like food allergies, the foremost normally affected area units are the paws and ears (but additionally embrace the wrists, ankles, muzzle, underarms, groin, around the eyes, and in between the toes).
All skin allergies cause the risk of secondary infection. As your dog scratches, bites, and licks at his skin, he risks opening up his skin to yeast and bacterial infections that will require treatment.